Tula Sankranti, also known as Garbhana Sankranti, is an important festival of Orissa and Karnataka. It is celebrated on the first day of the solar month of Kartika. This day holds great importance to the farmers. This day comes with an opportunity for them to worship and please Goddess Lakshmai, the authority of wealth, prosperity and fertility, who will bestow on them her blessings. Garbhana or garbh means pregnancy. When the rice plants grow up to show the ears of corns in their womb, the farmers get joyous just as a pregnant mother feels joyous being feeling the growth of her child in her womb. Farmers enjoy their achievements by celebrating this day. The whole family of the farmers get involved during the puja ceremony and pray to God that there will never be shortage of food in their nation.
This day is celebrated with different rituals all over India. People in Karnataka, Mayavaram, Tamil Nadu and Bhagamandala take holy bath in the Tula month and this day is considered highly auspicious for the holy bath. People get together and take a dip in the holy water of Tula Kavery. When sun enters the Tula Rasi, a fountain of water springs up and people rush to collect the water which is believed to reduce the effects of any kind of ailment. In Karnataka, coconut is covered in a silk cloth and is offered to Goddess Parvati along with bangles, sandalwood, vermillion and nuts. In Orissa, the farmers make offerings of rice and paddy taken fresh from their paddy fields to Goddess Lakshmi. In some parts, wheat grains (dhan) and kara plant branches are offered to the Goddess of wealth, Goddess Lakshmi. It is believed that worshipping Goddess Lakshmi on this day, helps reduce draught and escalate harvest and growth of grains as well as earnings.