This festival is mainly celebrated in Northern India and is observed mostly by the Hindus and the Sikhs. If the meaning of the name Raksha Bandhan is analyzed then it is the bond of protection. This festival is celebrated in the full moon day or Shravana Purnima of the Shravan month.
Raksha Bandhan is the occasion where the celestial bond between brothers and sisters are celebrated. The existing love, affection and emotion between a brother and sister are expressed through this relation. The sisters tie a silk thread or the rakhi on the wrist of their brother and pray to God for the prosperity and well being of their brother. Also along with the tying of rakhi sisters put tilak on the forehead of their brother and do Aarti. And the brothers promise their sister to protect them from all evils under all circumstances. Along with this promise, the brother generally gives gifts to their sisters. There are different varieties of home made sweets on this day. Also fancy rakhis are hand made by the sisters to show their devotion towards their brother. As per the tradition, the family members get ready for the rituals early in the morning and this starts with the taking of bath. Then the Puja thalis are prepared that consists of rakhi threads, rice grains, incense sticks, roli etc. After offering pujas to the deities at home they perform the Aarti of their brothers and tie rakhi on their wrist. This follows with the putting of kumkum powder on the forehead of their brother. This ritual takes place amidst the chanting of mantras. And the brother thereby promises to safeguard the sister under all conditions and offers her lovely gifts that are generally known as the rakhi gifts. Although the ritual associated with Raksha Bandhan vary from one place to another yet the basic essence of the festival remains the same.
Rakhi festival is the celebration of the bond of love amongst the siblings and the preparations of this festival starts a month before the actual day. The joy and happiness revolved around the festivals have only increased with the passing of time. In the present day, the scenario is such that there is huge commercialization of the festival. There are beautiful and costly rakhis available in the market. Also there are rakhi cards available in the market specially designed to mark the occasion. Moreover, there are also designer rakhis in the market customized for the higher section of the society. But be it the designer rakhi or the simple silk thread, the essence of the festival remains the same for both the rich and the poor section of the society as this day is the celebration of the bond of love between the brother and sister. The markets are also thronged with new clothes and other attractive rakhi gifts. Thus, celebrated with family get together and different rituals this festival is all about sentiments, love and affection.