|BUDHA - THE MERCURY
Mercury in Vedic astrology is known
as BUDHA, the awakened discriminating intellect and the
part of us that knows. Mercury is benefice if
associated with benefice grahas, and malefic is associated
with malefic grahas. He is known as
grahapati, or lord of the planets.
Mercury rules over two signs of the sidereal zodiac,
Gemini and Virgo. He is exalted in Virgo at 15 degrees,
and in his fall in the opposite sign of Pisces. Where the
Moon is the innocent mind, Mercury is the intellect that
discriminates between benefic and malefic ideas, or good
The intellect is neutral and becomes whatever it is
associated with. Mercury is learned in behavior.
Mercury is a karaka or indicator of
intelligence, commerce, education, communication writing,
books, humor, scholars, thieves and astrologers.Vedic
sage Parasara describes him; "Mercury is endowed with an
attractive physique and the capacity to use words with
many meanings. He is fond of jokes..."
Mercury reaches full maturity at age 32.
In Vedic myth Mercury is born of the
Moon. One myth recounts how the Moon, overcome with lust,
abducts Tara, the wife of Brihaspati, or Jupiter. Out of
their union Budha, or Mercury is born. Thus the intellect
is born of the mind.
|BUDHA AS SEEN IN TEMPLES
There is a
relationship of enmity between the Moon and Mercury that
belies a deep truth. The Moon is innocent in its
observation, while Mercury is evaluative and
discriminating in its observation.
BUDHA or MERCURY is considered as the greatest among the
wise. This Devata bestows wisdom and wealth etc. on his
devotees. He removes evil thoughts from their minds. He is
the chief among GNANIS (realized souls). He is considered
Vishnu Rupi, because of his beauty and resemblance. A
prayer to Him, especially on Wednesdays brings in manifold
benefits like removal of all obstacles, helps one to get a
progeny, possession of fertile lands etc.
In the Zodiac this Devata is the Lord of Mithuna and Kanya.
He stays like the Sun, one month in each Rasi completes
the cycle in 12 months, more or less closely in the
footsteps of the Sun. Mercury's favorite placement is
rising in the 1st House. His nature
is VATA, or Airy. His gem is Emerald and his metal is all
form of alloys. His direction is north and his ruling day