Panchang consists of two
1. Panch means Five
2. Ang means Parts
The name 'Panchàng'
is a Hindi Word and made up of 5 parts names as: Tithi,
Day, Nakshtra, Yog and Karan
TITHI: The Thithi
is calculated with help of poisition of Sun and Moon in
Calculation of TITHI
Tithi = (Moon Longitude - Sun Longitude) / 12
if the calculated result is greater than 15, we have to
substract 15 from the result. The net result is Tithi.
TITHI VRIDHI is the tithi present at Sunrise on first
day anas well as on the second day.
TITHI KSHAYA is the tithi starts after sunrise and ends
before sun rise on second day.
DAY: Seven days of
the week are Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday,
Thursday, Friday & Saturday.
360 degrees zodiac is divided into 27 parts to acheive a
single naksjtra i.e. of 13 degrees 20 min. There are 27
Nakshtras, Every nakshtra is further divided into four
periods (CHARAN) i.e. 3 degree 20 min. A Rashi consists
of Two and a quarter of the Nakshtras.
Calculation of NAKSHTRA
Nakshtra = Moon Longitude
/ 13 deg. 20 min
YOG: There are 27
Yogas named as Vishkumbh, Preeti, Aayushman, Saubhagya,
Shobhan, Atigand, Sukarma, Dhriti, Shool, Gand, Vridhi,
Dhruv, Vyaghat, Harshan, Vajra, Sidhi, Vyatipat,
Variyaan, Parigh, Shiv, Sidh, Sadhya, Shubh, Shukla,
Brahm, Ainder and Vaidhriti.
Calculation of YOG
Yog = (Moon Longitude + Sun Longitude) / 13 deg. 20 min
KARAN: One tithi
consists of two karans. there are total 11 Karan, among
them seven Char karans are named as Vav, Valav, Kaulav,
Taitil, Gar, Vanij, Vishti. Four are fixed Karans named
as Shakuni, Chatushpad, Naag kinstughan.
Calculation of KARAN
Karan = (Tithi) / 2
Here is the utility for you to view Panchang along with
Sun Rise, Rahu Kalam, Yamakandam
The calculations are made on basis of 77.11 E Longitude
and 28.39 N Latitude